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- Romain Rolland - French Philosopher 1886-1944

Indian Culture Continuity from Harappa till Today : Shri Padman Govindarajan (pgovindarajan@hotmail.com)

Dear Sir,

I am forwarding an important write-up entitled “What Hindus ought to know” for your kind consideration. Clinching evidence is available in Indus remains to prove that Indus Valley civilisation is positively post-Vedic. I feel that this important finding should receive widest possible publicity through mass media. What is very important is the publicity to be given to the contents of the article in mass media than its authorship.

Thanking you,

Yours faithfullly,

Padman Govindarajan

Indian Culture Continuity from Harappa till Today

The word ‘Hindutwa’ like the Sanskrit word “Aryan” has become much maligned and become very unpopular, as the general public seem to have serious misgiving about Hindutwa, which is unfortunately bracketed with saffronisation. Our national language is Hindi, which is an abbreviation for Hindustani and our national leaders conclude their public functions calling on their followers to hail “Jai Hind”. Who is a Hindu and what is the minimum he ought to know? A popular national media should be created to serve as a forum to disseminate the fundamental truths about Vedic Hinduism. The name India for the Bharathavarsha or more popularly Hindustan is not of indigenous origin but of foreign import. In ancient times, India was known to the foreigners by the river Sindhu, which Persians pronounced as Hindu and the Greek as Indos. The Indus River is very closely related to the Indus Valley civilisation.

Opinion is gaining ground that the Indus civilisation was probably the earliest human civilisation in the world. Who were the original inhabitants of this ancient civilisation? The human remains found at Indus sites reveal that the population of this Valley was varied in that early age. They bring to light four ethnic types probably corresponding to the four varnas mentioned in the Vedas. The most singular feature of the Vedic civilisation is the Varna Ashrama Dharma or the degraded caste system. This unique system is wholly indigenous, as no where outside India the concept of social distribution of labour according to Guna i.e. aptitude and temperament is prevalent.

In Sanskrit the word ‘Arya ‘ refers to noble, enlightened, profoundly wise personages who pursue the Vedic way of life. Even in the Indus Valley there seems to have existed atheists and agnostics who must have, like the Buddhists and Jains, revolted against the Vedic way of life. Rig Veda refers to these non-conformists as Adevayu i.e. not worshipping Vedic gods, Abrahman i.e. devoid of devotion, Avrata i.e. lawless, Anyavrata i.e. follower of strange ordinances, Devapiyu i.e. revilers of Vedic gods etc.

The question often raised in regard to the antiquity of Vedas is: What is the probable age of Rig Veda, which is the oldest of the four Vedas. Regarding Vedic chronology Max Muller opines: “ Whether the Vedic hymns were composed 1000 or 1500 or 2000 or 3000 years B.C. no power on earth will ever determine.” The Rig Veda is the earliest literary work of India and perhaps of the world. The excavations of Indus Valley offer useful evidence that can change the conception of not only ancient Vedic chronology but also human history. The literary evidence available in the Rig Veda and the archaeological remains of Indus Valley should be closely examined together to arrive at any definite conclusion about whether the Rig Vedic civilisation was the ancestor or the descendent of Indus civilisation. A most attempt to examine in-depth this complex issue has been made below:

The three crucial antique remains that are the most important of all Indus Valley finds have not received the extent of attention that they richly deserve. These are the unique art pieces in Yogic postures, the four-armed standing figure occurring at item No. 383 of the Signs of Indus script and the Peepul tree, which has enormous esoteric significance. In the Karma Kanda or ritualistic portion of the Vedas, nowhere in the Samhitas, Brahmanas or the Aranyakas is there any mention about Yoga, as this portion of the Vedas deal wholly with various forms of Yajnas or non-violent fire offerings of Ghruta, Soma...

The first specific mention about Yoga is found in the Kathopanishad, which is elaborated in the Srimad Bhagawad Gita, the Song Celestial. Both Kathopanishad and the Gita contain reference to the Peepul tree and the Gita goes to the extent of saying that the person who realises the esoteric significance of this tree is a knower of the Vedas. While the Kathopanishad makes a passing reference to the four-armed Deity Vishnu in VISHNOR YAD PARAMAM PADAM, the Lord in the Gita reveals to Arjuna His four-armed Divine Vishnu form in all its fine details. In the Indus Valley, people seem to have strictly adhered to several Vedic practices like non-violent fire offerings, ceremonial cremation of the dead, worship of Vedic deities, practice of Yoga, belief in after-life and immortality of soul etc.

Comment by Sarvesh-> Hindus still worship Shiva Linga and bullock is considered the transportation of Lord Shiva. In Karwa Chauth festival of women, they still woship the female genetical part of goddess.

On the basis of preponderance of evidence available in the Indus remains, one can safely conclude that the Indus Valley civilisation could represent the culmination of the Vedic period, when the Upanishads and Srimad Bhagawad Gita must have been widely popular. Western archaeologists have placed the Indus civilisation between 3250 to 2750 B.C., by allowing a period of 500 years for the seven different layers of Indus remains. This chronology more or less corresponds with the traditional view that the Mahabharatha war was fought in 3102 B.C. This fact is further corroborated by the Aihole inscription of Pulikesin II that declares that the Epic battle took place in 3102 B.C. that marks the end of the Dwapara Yuga and the commencement of the Kali Yuga. According to the astronomical tradition represented by Aryabhatta, the Kali Yuga is believed to have begun on the 18th February 3102 B.C.

The fundamental unity of the Bharathavarsha from Himalayas to Cape Camorin right from the Indus Valley times was brought about by the Vedic way of life popularly known as the Sanathana Dharma or the eternal way of Vedic religion that governs every aspect of human life from birth to death. The Sanathana Vedic Dharma must have been the way of Indus people who seem to have worshipped the Vedic deities, observed the Varna Ashrama Dharma, performed Vedic fire offerings and practised the Upanishadic Yoga. Indus civilisation did not become extinct by any foreign invasion and even to this day the eternal way of Indus life survives in agricultural farming, vegetarianism, cattle rearing, cotton clothing, use of precious beads, gold ornaments and pottery, social customs, religious beliefs and spiritual practices. Vedas are immutable truths that are universally applicable and eternally valid and can have no beginning or end.